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United States Department of Transportation United States Department of Transportation

SBIR FAQs

The Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Program is a highly competitive award system that provides qualified domestic small businesses with opportunities to pursue research on and develop innovative solutions to our nation’s transportation challenges. To learn more about the program, read our Overview page and visit SBIR.gov for more information.

Below are frequently asked questions regarding eligibility requirements, proposal submission steps, and additional resources for small businesses. Jump to a section below for more information.

General Questions

Q: What is the U.S. DOT SBIR program?

A: Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) is a congressionally mandated program signed into law by the President on July 22, 1982, and reauthorized on December 23, 2016, as part of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017. Section 1834 contains the extension of SBIR and STTR programs through September 30, 2022. SBIR seeks to encourage the initiative of the private sector and to use small businesses as effectively as possible in meeting federal research and development objectives.

In the U.S. Department of Transportation (U.S. DOT), these initiatives are directed towards high-priority transportation research and development requirements of the operating administrations.

Q: What is the purpose of the U.S. DOT SBIR program?

A: The U.S. DOT SBIR program's purpose is to stimulate technological innovations in departmental programs utilizing, to the degree possible, the valuable resources and creative capabilities of the small business community in the United States.

Q: Which DOT agencies participate in SBIR projects?

A: Eight operating administrations within the U.S. DOT participate in SBIR projects:

More information about these agencies can be found here.

Q: How is the program funded?

A: Public Law 112-81, Section 5012 requires that a specific percentage of U.S. DOT’s extramural research and development (R&D) budget be allocated for SBIR. In fiscal year 2017 through 2022, each U.S. DOT operating administration contributed at least 3.2% of its extramural R&D budget to the program.

Q: What is the total annual U.S. DOT SBIR set aside for this program?

A: The U.S. DOT is required to set aside 3.2% of its extramural research budget for the SBIR program annually. The U.S. DOT SBIR program has an overall budget of approximately $9 to 11 million per year, split between Phase I, II, and IIB awards. The estimated values of Phase I and Phase II awards are listed within the solicitation. 

Q: How and when does the U.S. DOT choose the research topics? Is there a way to recommend topics for the next solicitation?

A: The timeline varies each year, however topics are typically prepared beginning in the summer (July/August of each year) for the following year’s solicitation. U.S. DOT reviews all suggested topics, however please be aware topics are limited and chosen according to U.S. DOT research priorities. You can suggest a topic here.

Q: I have an idea that doesn't match any topics in the U.S. DOT SBIR solicitation. What should I do?

A: All proposals must respond to a specific topic in an open solicitation in order to be considered for an award through U.S.DOT’s SBIR program. However there are other ways to do business with U.S.DOT and the Federal Government. Visit the U.S. DOT Small Business web page and beta.SAM.gov to search for contract opportunities which match your idea and/or your capabilities. Beta.SAM.gov is the primary location to learn about U.S. DOT contract opportunities. Information about additional federal government funding opportunities can be found on the Additional Resources page.

You can also suggest a topic for consideration. All submissions will be reviewed; however, not all topics will be included in future solicitations. If your topic is included in a future solicitation, then all qualified small businesses will have the opportunity to submit a proposal for that topic.

Q: What is the difference between an offer and a proposal?

A: According to Federal Acquisition Regulation (FAR), “offer” means a response to a solicitation that, if accepted, would bind the offeror to perform the resultant contract. Responses to requests for proposals (negotiation) are offers called “proposals.” For the purpose of the U.S. DOT SBIR program, Phase I submissions are referred to as offers, while Phase II and IIB submissions are referred to as proposals.

Q: How can I learn more about the U.S. DOT SBIR program?

A: There are many ways to learn more about the SBIR program:

Q: How do I find out about the topics, pre-solicitation, and solicitation dates?

A: To be notified when our pre-solicitations and solicitations open, you can sign up for our email list

Q: How does the U.S. DOT’s SBIR program encourage innovation in manufacturing?

A: Every year the U.S DOT provides a report to the Small Business Administration on Encouraging Innovation in Manufacturing, as required by Executive Order 13329. For FY 2016 we reported the following activities:

FY 2016 Outreach: The U.S. DOT SBIR Program Office discussed manufacturing topics during briefings and one-on-one meetings conducted at the National and Regional SBIR conferences. The SBIR Program Office also informs prospective DOT awardees of the assistance available through NIST’s Manufacturing Extension Partnership (MEP) Program and the USA National Innovation Marketplace. On the USDOT’s SBIR website we have a section entitled “Manufacturing-Related R&D Emphasis in SBIR.”

FY2016 Award Selection: In FY 2016, DOT awarded a manufacturing-related SBIR Phase IIB contract to Solar Roadways for “Self-Sustaining, Intelligent Pavement Systems” which involves the design and manufacture of solar panels to be installed in place of traditional pavement.

FY2016 Tracking and Reporting of manufacturing-related SBIR awards: USDOT asks every offeror if their proposal is manufacturing related and also asks every topic author if their topic is manufacturing related. We track these responses in our online proposal system and our award tracking system.

Q: If the U.S. DOT SBIR award is not a grant but is a contract, does it imply the success of the research outcome is necessary? 

A: It is understood that the work proposed is research and as such has inherent risk.  Therefore, a successful prototype or test is not a requirement.  The Government requires that the research be documented showing success or lack thereof.  The documentation required is three reports:  two bi-monthly reports shall document progress, and a third, final report, shall document the challenges and/or successes. 

Q: If an offeror is awarded a contract in response to a U.S. DOT SBIR research topic, what rights does the U.S. DOT have over the product?

A: The awardee’s data rights are detailed within FAR 52.227- 20 RIGHTS IN DATA-SBIR PROGRAM (MAY 2014). Per the authority of FAR Subpart 27.409 (h) and as amended by the Small Business Administration (SBA) within the SBIR Policy Directive dated May 2, 2019 the SBIR Data Rights protection period is 20 years. Therefore the contractor is authorized to amend the second sentence in the SBIR rights notice in paragraph (d) of this clause to read “For a period of 20 years, …”.

Q: What is the payment timing for SBIR awards? 

A: U.S. DOT SBIR awards are contracts, which provide payment after services are rendered or deliverables received.  Payments for Phase I will be made upon the acceptance of the three required reports which are submitted bi-monthly and at the end of the contract.

Q: Do you have any set asides for minority businesses?

A: Minority, Veteran-Owned, Woman-Owned, and small businesses with other SBA designations are encouraged to submit offers. The SBIR program is a total small business set aside. As such, no preference is given to a particular subset of small businesses. 

Eligibility and Requirements

Q: What types of companies are eligible to submit proposals to U.S.DOT’s SBIR solicitations?

A: Only United States small businesses are eligible to participate in the SBIR program. Businesses must meet all of the following criteria at the time of Phase I and II awards:

  • Organized for profit, with a place of business located in the United States
  • At least 51 percent owned and controlled by one or more individuals who are citizens of, or permanent resident aliens in, the United States, OR at least 51 percent owned and controlled by another for-profit business concern that is at least 51 percent owned and controlled by one or more individuals who are citizens of, or permanent resident aliens in, the United States
  • No more than 500 employees, including affiliates
  • The principal investigator must have primary employment with the small business
  • Registered on the SBA’s SBIR website with an SBC Control ID

Q: Are firms that are majority owned by venture capital operating companies (VCOCs), hedge funds, or private equity firms eligible to submit a Phase I offer?

A: The U.S. DOT elects at this time not to use the authority that would allow firms that are majority owned by VCOCs, hedge funds, or private equity firms to participate in the SBIR Program. Proposals submitted by these parties will not be considered for award.

Q: Are firms that are minority owned by foreign VCOCs eligible to submit a Phase I offer? 

A: Yes. Firms must meet the SBA's definition of a small business concern, and meet all other eligibility requirements as stated in the solicitation. Firms that are majority foreign owned and/or majority VCOC owned are not eligible.

Q: Can venture backed companies be subcontractors on offers?

A: There is no prohibition on venture backed subcontractors.

Q: Can the Principal Investigator be employed full time by an organization other than the small business submitting the proposal?

A: The principal investigator cannot have full-time employment outside of the small business contracted for the award. According to the solicitation, “The primary employment of the principal investigator must be with the small business firm at the time of contract award and during the conduct of the proposed research. Primary employment means that more than one-half of the principal investigator’s time is spent working for the small business. This precludes full-time employment with another organization.”

Q: Can a company respond to two topics with the same Principal Investigator (PI)? Will that justify the one-half time PI commitment?

A: The principal investigator must have primary employment with the small business. Primary employment means that more than one-half of the Principal Investigator/Project Manager's employment time is spent in the employ of the small business. This precludes full-time employment with another organization. The percentage of effort the PI is required to dedicate to one particular SBIR award is not stipulated. 

Q: Are firms that are headquartered outside of the U.S. but with offices in the U.S. eligible to participate?

A: It depends. In order to be eligible, a firm must be at least 51 percent owned and controlled by one or more individuals who are either citizens of the U.S. or permanent resident aliens in the U.S. All work must be conducted in the U.S.

Q: Can a subcontractor do work on a Phase I project?

A: Yes; however, according to the solicitation and the SBIR Policy Directive, at least 2/3 of the work, measured in total contract dollars, must be performed by the small business awarded the contract for a Phase I award.

Q: Do I need to register in the System for Award Management (SAM) on SAM.gov in order to submit a proposal for a U.S. DOT SBIR solicitation?

A: No. However, it is federally mandated that any business wishing to do business with the federal government under a Federal Acquisition Regulation (FAR)-based contract must be registered in SAM before being awarded a contract. The SAM website provides information on registering. You can register online by following the prompts if you already have a DUNS number. If you need a DUNS number, you can find instructions at http://fedgov.dnb.com/webform/displayHomePage.do.

Q: What is the Small Business Administrations (SBA) Company Database and how do I register?

A: SBA’s Company Database registration is meant for small businesses to register and gain access to the SBIR.gov system. Completed registrations will receive a unique Small Business Concern (SBC) Control ID to be used for proposal submissions to U.S. DOT and at any of the other 10 participating agencies in the SBIR programs. Each SBC applying to the program is required to complete its registration in the SBA's Company Registry prior to submitting its application.

If you have not already registered you can do so on the SBIR website. Registration requires at least a Data Universal Numbering System (DUNS) identification number or Tax Identification Number (TIN). Completed registrations will receive a unique SBC Control ID and PDF file to be submitted as the first page of the Technical Proposal.

Solicitation Instructions

Q: Can U.S. DOT provide a sample Phase I technical section?

A: We do not have a sample technical section. Please review section III of the Phase I solicitation: Offer Preparation Instructions and Requirements.

Q: U.S. DOT's Phase I Solicitations require a section entitled “Key Personnel and Bibliography of Directly Related Work.” Does the bibliography only refer to the work done by the key personnel? If so, is a bibliography allowed at the end of the offer to provide key resources used in the preparation of the offer? Would this count towards the page limit?

A: The bibliography should reflect work done by key personnel. Place the bibliography as heading number 5 of the technical section. Any bibliography of key resources used in the preparation of the offer can be added to the end of the technical section. Yes, these do count towards the page limit.

Q: Are letters of support allowed in a Phase I offer? Do they count towards the page limit?

A: Letters of support are allowed as part of the technical section; however, they do count towards the page limit. If the letters are from a subcontractor or consultant or a supplier of materials or equipment, and include pricing information, the letters should be included within the Appendix C supporting documentation. 

Q: Do references/citations count towards the page limit?

A: Yes, references and citations count towards the page limit for the technical section.

Q: Is there the opportunity to contact the technical sponsor of a topic directly to understand more about an individual topic's requirements?

A. U.S. DOT does not provide information on Technical Points of Contact for the topics in a solicitation. Your only contact with U.S. DOT relative to an open solicitation during the Phase I offer preparation and evaluation period is with DOT's SBIR Program Office. You must submit all technical and administrative questions relative to a specific solicitation via email to dotsbir@dot.gov.

Q: Is there a limit to the amount of money that can be budgeted for overhead in the Cost and Pricing section?

A: There is no maximum overhead rate as long as the percentage can be justified in accordance with the Federal Acquisition Regulation and DCAA policy. A narrative should be included in Appendix C justifying the factors that are used to compile the rate (See DCAA Manual 7641.90, Information for Contractors).

Q: What is a reasonable range for profit/fee for Phase I?

A: Recently, the rate of profit for successful Phase I offerors has averaged approximately 7%. Offerors may propose a higher or lower profit based upon the offeror's assessment of risk. Profit/fee, whether proposed higher or lower than the average, must be supported by narrative. The narrative needs to state which cost elements profit/fee was applied to and why it is reasonable.

Please note: for Phase II and IIB awards issued as a cost-plus-fixed-fee type award, the maximum fee is set by statute at 15 percent.

Q: Should my cost estimate include travel for a kick-off meeting with the COR?

A: No. Travel for a kick-off meeting is not anticipated for Phase I projects, so it should not be included in the cost estimate. Other travel, such as travel to a testing site, is allowable, however, unusual for Phase I projects. 

Q: How should I determine the indirect rates for use in Appendix C (Contract Pricing Worksheet)?

A: The indirect rate structure embedded in the formula under Schedule A in Appendix C is:

  1. Fringe benefits—allocated on labor;
  2. Overhead—allocated on direct labor and fringe benefits; and
  3. General and administrative expense (G&A)—allocated on total cost input (TCI).

These indirect rates and formulas represent typical calculations, however, please complete using your firm's standard business practices; you may edit the gray cells in the spreadsheet accordingly. Please include a narrative explanation of your proposed rates in the narrative section of Appendix C.

In addition, please consider the following guidelines and include this information as attachments to Appendix C when appropriate:

  • The rates should be based on a full accounting year.
  • If this is the company’s first year of doing business, the rate should be based on projected costs that include all of the company’s other work.
  • If the company has previously performed other Government contracts, please provide the last year’s historical indirect rates.
  • An Excel spreadsheet (saved as a PDF and attached to Appendix C) may be submitted to show the detailed indirect rate calculation.
  • Include what the base is for the indirect costs. (In other words, what the rate will be consistently applied to.)
  • All direct and indirect costs must comply with the Federal Acquisitions Regulation (FAR) 31.205. The offeror must ensure that that all unallowable costs as listed in the FAR are not included in any calculations.

    *Examples of Unallowable Costs are: advertising, alcohol, bad debts, charitable gifts/donations, entertainment, fines and penalties, interest, lobbying, federal taxes, and travel costs over government per diem rates. See FAR 31.205 for the complete list.

Q: What type of supporting documentation should I provide for the indirect rates I propose?

A: If you have an approved provisional indirect rate proposal from DCAA, include the approved rate documentation and use those rates in your cost proposal. If you have an approved accounting system from DCAA, include a copy of the audit. Even if DCAA has not reviewed your indirect rates recently, if your company has an approved accounting system, it will provide additional support to your proposed rates.

Please also provide:

  • Your provisional and any available actual indirect rate history for the last three years. This will provide support for the rates you submit in Appendix C.
  • Your company’s financial statement showing the direct and indirect costs and indirect rate calculations, if available.

If your company does not have approved indirect rates nor an approved accounting system, you must provide detailed costs showing your companies direct and indirect costs. Include the calculations showing how you came to the indirect rates you used in the cost proposal.

Q: What NAICS code do I need to use when registering in SAM?

A: Before an SBIR contract can be awarded, the small business concern shall complete an Online Representations and Certifications Application in SAM. Use the code noted in the solicitation (541715) when registering in SAM.

Q: Does the U.S. DOT SBIR Program Office offer Technical and Business Assistance as described in the SBIR Policy Directive?

A: Yes, the U.S. DOT SBIR Program Office began offering this service with Solicitation 15.1. The purpose of the Technical and Business Assistance, according to the SBIR Policy Directive, is to assist SBIR awardees in: (1) making better technical decisions on SBIR projects; (2) solving technical problems that arise during SBIR projects; (3) minimizing technical risks associated with SBIR projects; and (4) commercializing the SBIR products or processes. More information on TABA will be provided in Section II(C)(3) of the Solicitation.

Q: How do I request the funding for technical and business assistance?

A: Your request for Technical and Business Assistance (TABA) funding is based on how you choose to receive it. When submitting your proposal via U.S. DOT’s secure proposal submission site, there is a question which asks:

“If selected for an award, is your firm interested in participating in the U.S. DOT's Technical and Business Assistance (TABA) Program? The program provides assistance to Phase I awardees in the area of commercialization planning and strategy (see Section II (C)(3) of the Solicitation). Firms selected for award can choose to receive assistance from (1) U.S. DOT's pre approved vendor, or (2) their own proposed subcontractor (and provide additional documentation for verification as determined by U.S. DOT's Acquisitions Office).

  1. Yes - I am interested in the TABA Program and plan to use U.S. DOT's approved vendor
  2. Yes - I am interested in the TABA Program and plan to propose to use a vendor of my choosing and will submit documentation as requested by U.S. DOT if selected for award
  3. No - I am not interested in the TABA Program
  4. I am undecided at this time"

If an offeror chooses (A) and their offer is recommended for award, the prospective awardees will receive notification from the U.S. DOT SBIR Program Office on what services are available and how to obtain these services at no cost to the small business using the vendor provided by U.S. DOT’s SBIR program.

If an offeror chooses (B) and their offer is recommended for award, the U.S. DOT SBIR Program Office and Contracting Officer will work with the awardee to request a revised cost proposal (Appendix C) that accounts for this cost. In addition, the awardee must provide at that time an outline of the specific technical assistance services to be provided, and the detailed qualifications and experience of the proposed subcontractor/consultant being requested.

If the offeror chooses (C) and their offer is recommended for award, no assistance will be provided.

If the offeror chooses (D) and their offer is recommended for award, the U.S. DOT SBIR Program Office and Contracting Officer will contact the offeror with more information on the TABA Program and request a decision within five business days.

Q: Can an SBIR/STTR Phase III follow-on funding contract be made, without competition, to the firm that successfully completes Phases I and II?

A: Yes. The firm may be given a sole source contract for further work or production that derives from, extends, or completes earlier SBIR work. Such follow-on work must be given Phase III status by the agency.

Q: Is the use of foreign subcontractors allowed?

A: Subcontractors must also be in the United States. In very rare circumstances, a Government Contracting Officer (CO) may approve the use of a foreign subcontractor, but it would have to be well documented as to why the foreign subcontractor is the only one capable of meeting a requirement, and requires pre-approval in writing from the CO. The SBIR Policy Directive states, "The R/R&D work must be performed in the United States. However, based on a rare and unique circumstance, agencies may approve a particular portion of the R/R&D work to be performed or obtained in a country outside of the United States, for example, if a supply or material or other item or project requirement is not available in the United States. The funding agreement officer must approve each such specific condition in writing."

An offer would not be declined due to proposing a foreign subcontractor, however, it should be thoroughly explained within the offer as to why a foreign subcontractor is proposed. If the particular offer is chosen for award based on the evaluation, then further details and approval by the CO to utilize the foreign subcontractor will be worked out during the negotiation/award process.

Q: Is research involving the use of human subjects allowed?

A: Research that involves human subjects may be subject to additional regulations found in 49 C.F.R. Part 11 (Part 11) as well as other applicable federal and state laws and regulations. Research will be considered to involve human subjects under Part 11 if the research obtains (1) data through intervention or interaction with an individual(s), and/or (2) identifiable private information. Unless exempt under 49 C.F.R. §11.101(b) or §11.101(i), human subject research must adhere to the regulations of Part 11, which includes review and approval of the research by a federally approved Institutional Review Board (IRB). Due to the short timeframe associated with Phase I of the SBIR process, the DOT does not recommend the submission of Phase I offers that require the use of Human Subjects Testing. For example, the ability to obtain IRB approval for offers that involve human subjects can take 6-12 months, and that lengthy process can be at odds with the Phase I goal for time to award. Before the DOT makes any award that involves an IRB or similar approval requirement, the offeror must demonstrate compliance with relevant regulatory approval requirements that pertain to offers involving human protocols. It will not impact the DOT’s evaluation, but requiring IRB approval may delay the start time of the Phase I award and if approvals are not obtained within two months of notification of selection, the decision to award may be rescinded.

Q: For the Appendix B: Project Summary is there a minimum word limit for the sections other than the Abstract?

A: For the Anticipated Results and Keywords section of Appendix B, there is no minimum word limit. Responses must fit within the space provided. 

Q: Are there any limits on the direct labor rates?

A: There are no limits on direct labor rates.  However, rates proposed must be reasonable and comparable to the market place.  Documentation supporting the proposed rates need to be included with the proposal.  Supporting documentation can include but is not limited to, payroll showing individuals actual rates, comparisons to salary data websites, and/or other information that shows the rates proposed are comparable to the marketplace for the location your business is located.

Q: Can we provide rates from a former FHWA contract?

A: The rates from a former Government contract can be proposed.  However, the acceptance of rates for a former Government contract cannot be used as the basis for showing that the rates are reasonable and comparable to the market place. Supporting documentation as referenced in the Appendix C instructions should be included.

Q: What is meant by supporting documentation for direct labor?

A: Supporting documentation can include but is not limited to, payroll showing individuals actual rates, comparisons to salary data websites, and/or other information that shows the rates proposed are comparable to the marketplace for the location your business is located. 

Q: Is it acceptable to provide percentage of effort/number of months with the salary rate or should we be providing hours/estimated hourly rates for comparison purposes?

A: Hours and estimated hourly rates should be submitted. How these estimates were calculated should be explained within the narrative in Appendix C. 

Q: How should firms provide supporting documentation for consultants’ labor rates? 

A: Comparisons to published rates are preferred. However, other documentation or evidence showing that the rates proposed are the same rates proposed to other customers may be sufficient. 

Q: What is meant by an "internet quote" as supporting documentation for materials or equipment?

A:  An internet quote means pricing gleaned from supplier’s websites. Often this in the form of a screen  shot or print-out of the supplier’s webpage showing the price of the material or equipment. The screen shot should also include the supplier’s name and date the screen shot was taken.  

If travel is proposed, similar information should be provided, i.e. from a rental car website or airline website.

Q: If partnering with a university, are they considered a subcontractor, and therefore any funding going to them counts against the one-third allowed for Phase I? 

A:  Yes. Universities are considered subcontractors or consultants and count towards the ratio of work. 

Q: Is the potential that a project will generate revenues and jobs considered in the evaluation?

A: Commercial Potential is one of the five Phase I evaluation criteria. See Section III of the solicitation for more details. 

Q: Are proposals evaluated on costs? 

A: Selections will be based on best value to the Government.  Therefore, all other things equal in terms of technical ratings, a lower cost may provide a better value. 

Q: What are the relative weights of the Phase I evaluation criteria?

A: Selections will be based on best value to the Government considering the following criteria, which are listed in descending order of importance:

  • Technical Merit and Feasibility
  • Experience, Qualifications, and Facilities
  • Effectiveness of Proposed Work Plan
  • Commercial Potential
  • Offer Quality

Q: Can an offer be for more than one research topic? Or, are small businesses allowed to submit multiple offers if we want to propose under multiple research topics for our firm?

A: An offer must be submitted for each topic independent of another topic. A single offer cannot be on more than one research topic.  You can submit individual offers to address any number of topics. 

Q: If a small business has multiple ideas for a single topic, can it submit multiple offers? 

A: A small business may submit multiple offers for the same topic. However, they must ensure that they are sufficiently differentiated to truly be different approaches. 

Q: Is the technical evaluation of offers done by U.S. DOT staff?

A: Yes. Only Federal DOT employees will be evaluating the offers. 

Q: Can a company do partial submissions prior to the Phase I Solicitation deadline? 

A: Yes, you may log back in to the offer submission website and edit your offer up until the solicitation closing date and time. Note, however, that in order to complete your initial registration, you will need to complete all required fields, so you must use placeholder answers/files if you intend to go back and edit.

Q: When would a company start preparing a Phase II proposal? What is the typical gap in time between the end of Phase I and start of Phase II?

A: Phase II proposal instructions are typically issued 30 days prior to the completion of the Phase I award. The gap in time between the end of Phase I and beginning of Phase II varies for each project. 

Q: Is there a total character limit or any characters that are not allowed in the document file names?

A: The file names have a character limit of 256 characters. Asterisks and backslashes are not allowed. 

Q: Must small businesses provide a cost estimate for Phase II in Phase I offers?

A: An estimate for Phase II is not required for the Phase I offer. The Solicitation includes an estimated Phase II award amount, subject to change. 

Q: Can there be a co-Principal Investigator (PI) from a university as a subcontractor?

A: The PI must be in the employ of the small business.  Therefore, a PI from a university or subcontractor is not recognized to meet the employment requirements.

Q: Can a Phase I award be taken up by a single person, the Principal Investigator alone?

A: Yes, a single person can be proposed for staffing. 

Q: Is there a requirement for the percentage of PI time commitment for each offer if more than one offer gets awarded?

A: There is not a requirement regarding the percentage of time a PI dedicates to a particular project. 

Last updated: Friday, February 19, 2021